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Toluene is a fragrant compound of hydrogen and carbon (hydrocarbon), it is clear in colour with an odour similar to paint thinners, probably because most paint thinners contain Toluene around 30%.
Features and Benefits
Toluene is a noxious water-insoluble chemical, but trace amounts can still dissolve in water. It is miscible with alcohol, chloroform, ether, acetone, glacial acetic acid and carbon disulfide.
Appearance : colourless liquid
Molecular Formula : C7H8 or C6H5CH3
Molar Mass : 92.14 g/mol
Density : 0.8669 g/mL (20 °C)
Melting Point : −93 °C, 180 K
Boiling Point : 110.6 °C, 383.8 K
Solubility in water 0.47 g/L (20–25 °C)
Refractive index (nD) 1.497 (20 °C)
Viscosity 0.590 cP at 20 °C
Refer technical data sheet for more information
Toluene is a common solvent used for dissolving paints, silicone sealants, lacquers, gums and resins, an ingredient in coatings, aviation gasoline, perfumes, spray and wall paints, dyes, cleaning agents, paint thinner, detergents, isinfectants, plastic drink bottles, inks, adhesives, nail polish, spot removers, rubber, polyurethanes, anti-freeze, pharmaceutical medicines, nylon, is an unrefined ingredient for toluene diisocyanate (which is used to make polyurethane foam), Trinitrotoluene (TNT), and common household items, it can be used like a glue to bond together polystyrene by fusing it together the advantage being that it’s finer than an adhesive.
Method of Application
Toluene is also used in some processes such as leather tanning and printing, as well as in the extraction of various principles from plants. Toluene is capable of dissolving sulphur and other significant inorganic chemicals as well as being an important inorganic solvent. Toluene has been used in nuclear reactor system loops in sodium cold traps as a coolant due to its ability to perform well at transferring heat.
Storage and Handling
Store in a dry place, keep container closed when not in use. Avoid contact with skin. Wash with large quantities of water.
In case of contact with eyes, treat with large volumes of water and see a physician.
Avoid contact with eyes and skin. In case of contact rinse with plenty of water. Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Keep away from heat, sparks and open flame. Ensure that the working area is well ventilated.
Store at moderate temperatures in dry, well-ventilated area.